The main mission of JSC "Zhasyl damu" is to create the conditions for the conservation, restoration and improvement of the environment.
UNDP launches the equipment on safe treatment of healthcare waste.
On March, 17, 2017 the ceremony devoted to launch of equipment for healthcare waste treatment in the framework of UNDP/GEF/Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan on persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and healthcare waste has been carried out in the PSE on REM “The Center of mother and child” in Ust-Kamenogorsk.
The objective of the project is to reduce the releases of unintentionally produced POPs and other globally harmful pollutants into the environment by promoting sound healthcare waste management in Kazakhstan, and to assist the country in implementing its relevant obligations under the Stockholm Convention.
Currently, about 90% of the generated healthcare waste are disposed by incineration. In general, incineration is carried out in conventional incinerators (furnaces). In addition, some health organizations themselves burn their waste in muffle furnaces that are not designed for such purposes, leading to dioxins emissions to the environment. Dioxins are highly toxic substances that are carcinogenic and cause disorders of human endocrine, nervous, reproductive, and immune systems. They are weakly split and accumulate both in the human body and in the environment, including air, water, food. The UNDP study showed an excess of 28 times the dioxin content of emmisions from healthcare waste incineration plants with respect to the standards of the European Union.
The Project will install specialized autoclaves for neutralizing infected healthcare waste with high-pressure saturated steam with the creation of specialized Centers on the basis of LLP "Kostanai ecomedutilization 2016", in MSE "Zhitikara Central District Hospital" of the Akimat of Kostanai region (Zhikitara city) and in MSE "Rudniy city hospital" of Healthcare Public Department of Kostanay region Akimat (Rudniy city).
The Project installed the specialized autoclaves for infected healthcare waste treatment with high-pressure saturated steam with the creation of specialized Centers on the basis of PSE on REM “The Center of mother and child”, in MSOPE "Central District Hospital" of Katon-Karagay region (Zhikitara city) and in PSE on REM "Central District Hospital of Zaisan region.
Besides the autoclaves for healthcare waste, specialized vehicles and containers for collecting and transporting healthcare waste are purchased for the Centers.
In addition to reducing the negative impact on the environment, the proposed system for healthcare waste treatment will involve the utilization of plastic waste and other wastes in recycled resourses. In the future it is planned to replicate the gained experience in other regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
"Previousely all waste of Public Health organizations of Ust-Kamenogorsk city have been treated in incenerators. The incenerator of LLP «Ecolira» is located in Zyryanovsk in 180 km from Ust-Kamenogorsk city which impacts on the cost of services. Also LLP «Ecoprof» in Glubokoye village has incinerator, but due to state purchase procedures on price proposal this company won in the tenders very rarely.
Now our Center will treat not only our own waste but also serve other medical institutions in the city by environmental safe method. Moreover according to prelimanary calculations the prime cost will be lower and this fact allows to expect good results in state purchase tenders.. But anyway the system of state purchase on the price proposal is not appropriate for this type of governmental services, taking into account the requirements on transportation and treatment of hazardous waste ", - said the Chief Physician of PSE on REM “The Center of mother and child” in Ust-Kamenogorsk