Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, United nations development program and Global environmental facility: project implementation results and new perspectives for cooperation

18 September 2017 Astana – Implementation of the joint Project of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, United nations development program (UNDP) and Global environmental facility (GEF) “NIP update, integration of POPs into national planning and promoting sound healthcare waste management in Kazakhstan” finishes this year.

 

On 18 September final conference was held on “Sound chemicals and waste management in Kazakhstan: goals, results and perspectives”, which discussed Project outcomes and introduced specific national and international practices for promotion of sound chemicals and waste management.

 

The next day inception workshop was held for a new joint project of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan/UNDP/GEF “Initial assessment of Kazakhstan in the framework of Minamata convention”, which is planned for 2017-2019. The project is aimed at supporting the Government of Kazakhstan in conducting initial mercury assessment, which will allow the country to define national requirements and needs to ratify Minamata convention and will create foundation for future implementation of the convention.

 

«The project on healthcare waste has demonstrated practical results of environment-based approach to healthcare waste management through creation of seven centers for safe decontamination of healthcare waste in pilot regions of the project. We were able to achieve multiple goals of the Concept for transition of the RK to green economy and Stockholm convention on persistent organic pollutants: toxic releases are reduced, conditions for recycling are created, and the best available technologies are used. Furthermore, the project has provided valuable support to the Republic of Kazakhstan on updating the national implementation plan for the commitments of the Republic of Kazakhstan under Stockholm convention on persistent organic I in the part of unintended and new persistent organic pollutants (POPs). It is worth mentioning significant contribution of the project in implementing 1st stage mercury inventory and work to assist Kazakhstan in future ratification of Minamata convention», - said Zhan Nurbekov, director of waste management division of the Ministry of energy of the RK.

 

«Thanks to the project we received modern equipment for decontamination of hazardous healthcare waste. We are very happy that we got an alternative, which definitively justifies transition to new technologies, which are environmentally friendly and which completely exclude environment pollution by toxic substances. We support implementation of environmentally sound, clean technologies of European class and European level all over Kazakhstan», - said Vladimir Mikhailenko, Chief physician of the Regional drug addiction clinic of Kostanay region.

 

For any additional information please contact UNDP communications assistant in Kazakhstan, Anar Kassymova:  email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or phone+77172 69 65 44 (2629)

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Photo and presentation

 

A monitoring visit was held in Astana, Kostanay, Ust-Kamenogorsk for demonstration of Project objects

As part of the joint UNDP-GEF project on Persistent Organic Pollutants (hereinafter referred to as POPs) and healthcare waste from September 8 to 11, 2017, a project monitoring visit was held in Astana, Kostanay and Ust-Kamenogorsk cities  for participants of the Project Board and Advisory Council on technical issues of the project, which are representatives of state bodies, private enterprises, scientific institutions involved in the management of healthcare waste and POPs. The Centers of Healthcare waste treatment, created by the project, purchased specialized  machines for transporting and collecting healthcare waste, as well as samplers for passive sampling of air sampled at the meteorological station of the East Kazakhstan branch of RSE Kazhydromet were demonstrated to participants.

"As an expert and citizen of the Republic of Kazakhstan, I am very glad that owing to UNDP Project in the pilot regions, healthcare waste treatment is performed in a safe way without negative impact on human health and the environment. Undoubtedly, this is a big plus in the development of our state and its desire to be among the advanced developed countries, "said Eldar Bazkenov, the chief expert on waste management and green economy of the Department of Natural Resources and Nature Management of the Akimat of Astana.

National Plan of the Republic of Kazakhstan on mercury reducing of use and collection.

The draft of "National Plan of the Republic of Kazakhstan on mercury reducing of use and collection" developed in the framework of implementation of UNDP/GEF Project "NIP update, integration of POPs into national planning and promoting sound healthcare waste management in Kazakstan" and based on results of preliminary mercury inventory has been directed to the Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

 The Plan envisages the measures on mercury management in the Republic of Kazakhstan in the framework of ratification of the Republic of Kazakhstan of Minamata Convention on mercury and also integration of proposed measures in the documents of system of governmental planning of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

 The full version of the Draft is posted on the link (download). Please submit your comments and proposals to the Plan draft on the following email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. The proposals submitted will be considered during final development of the Plan.

UNDP launches the equipment on safe treatment of healthcare waste.

On March, 17, 2017 the ceremony devoted to launch of equipment for healthcare waste treatment in the framework of UNDP/GEF/Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan on persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and healthcare waste has been carried out in the PSE on REM “The Center of mother and child” in Ust-Kamenogorsk.

 

The objective of the project is to reduce the releases of unintentionally produced POPs and other globally harmful pollutants into the environment by promoting sound healthcare waste management in Kazakhstan, and to assist the country in implementing its relevant obligations under the Stockholm Convention.

 

Currently, about 90% of the generated healthcare waste are disposed by incineration. In general, incineration is carried out in conventional incinerators (furnaces). In addition, some health organizations themselves burn their waste in muffle furnaces that are not designed for such purposes, leading to dioxins emissions to the environment. Dioxins are highly toxic substances that are carcinogenic and cause disorders of human endocrine, nervous, reproductive, and immune systems. They are weakly split and accumulate both in the human body and in the environment, including air, water, food. The UNDP study showed an excess of 28 times the dioxin content of emmisions from healthcare waste incineration plants with respect to the standards of the European Union.

The Project will install specialized autoclaves for neutralizing infected healthcare waste with high-pressure saturated steam with the creation of specialized Centers on the basis of LLP "Kostanai ecomedutilization 2016", in MSE "Zhitikara Central District Hospital" of the Akimat of Kostanai region (Zhikitara city) and in MSE "Rudniy city hospital" of Healthcare Public Department of Kostanay region Akimat (Rudniy city).

 

The Project installed the specialized autoclaves for infected healthcare waste treatment with high-pressure saturated steam with the creation of specialized Centers on the basis of PSE on REM “The Center of mother and child”, in MSOPE "Central District Hospital" of Katon-Karagay region (Zhikitara city) and in PSE on REM "Central District Hospital of Zaisan region.

 

Besides the autoclaves for healthcare waste, specialized vehicles and containers for collecting and transporting healthcare waste are purchased for the Centers.

In addition to reducing the negative impact on the environment, the proposed system for healthcare waste treatment will involve the utilization of plastic waste and other wastes in recycled resourses. In the future it is planned to replicate the gained experience in other regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

 

"Previousely all waste of Public Health organizations of Ust-Kamenogorsk city have been treated in incenerators. The incenerator of LLP «Ecolira» is located in Zyryanovsk in 180 km from Ust-Kamenogorsk city which impacts on the cost of services. Also LLP «Ecoprof» in Glubokoye village has incinerator, but due to state purchase procedures on price proposal this company won in the tenders very rarely.

Now our Center will treat not only our own waste but also serve other medical institutions in the city by environmental safe method. Moreover according to prelimanary calculations the prime cost will be lower and this fact allows to expect good results in state purchase tenders.. But anyway the system of state purchase on the price proposal is not appropriate for this type of governmental services, taking into account the requirements on transportation and treatment of hazardous waste ", - said the Chief Physician of PSE on REM “The Center of mother and child” in Ust-Kamenogorsk

 

In Kostanay, Ust-Kamenogorsk and Astana cities the trainings “Sound management of persistent organic pollutants, mercury and healthcare waste” were carried out.

In the framework of the UNDP-GEF and Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan project on the persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and healthcare waste management jointly with the Project of the Ministry for investments and development of the UNDP-GEF and Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan project on energy efficiency on March 13-15 in Kostanay and on March 16-18 in Ust-Kamenogorsk and on April 17-18 in Astana cities the trainings “Sound management of persistent organic pollutants, mercury and healthcare waste” were carried out. The participants of this trainings were representatives of Public Health Departments, Natural Resources and Environmental Management Departments, Environmental Departments, Environmental Prosecutor’s Offices from all regions of Kazakhstan. The issues on management of waste of production and consumption in Kazakhstan, “green” public procurement in the spheres of energy efficiency and healthcare waste treatment. Moreover the National Implementation Plan on obligations of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Stockholm Convention and results of POPs monitoring in environment, mercury management and practical recommendations on healthcare waste treatment and autoclaves use have been presented.

“According to the current legislation the specialists should be regularly trained on healthcare waste treatment. In this regard such trainings, particularly with participation of international experts who share practical experience, most frequent mistakes during healthcare waste treatment and the ways to avoid them are very actual and well-timed. Moreover environmental friendly methods of healthcare waste treatment with possibility of received safe materials recycling were demonstrated”, - said Bashkircseva Tatiana, a chief specialist of department of sanitary and epidemiology control over healthcare-associated infections of the Department on consumers rights defense of East Kazakhstan oblast.

Presentation - Kostanay, Ust-Kamenogorsk

Presentation - Astana

UNDP launches the equipment on safe treatment of healthcare waste.

 

On March, 14,2017 the ceremony devoted to launch of equipment for healthcare waste treatment in the framework of UNDP/GEF/Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan on persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and healthcare waste has been carried out.

 

The objective of the project is to reduce the releases of unintentionally produced POPs and other globally harmful pollutants into the environment by promoting sound healthcare waste management in Kazakhstan, and to assist the country in implementing its relevant obligations under the Stockholm Convention.

Currently, about 90% of the generated healthcare waste are disposed by incineration. In general, incineration is carried out in conventional incinerators (furnaces). In addition, some health organizations themselves burn their waste in muffle furnaces that are not designed for such purposes, leading to dioxins entering the environment. Dioxins are highly toxic substances that are carcinogenic and cause disorders of the human endocrine, nervous, reproductive, and immune systems. They are weakly split and accumulate both in the human body and in the environment, including air, water, food. A UNDP study showed an excess of 28 times the dioxin content of emmisions from medical waste incineration plants with respect to the standards of the European Union.

 

The Project will install specialized autoclaves for neutralizing infected healthcare waste with high-pressure saturated steam with the creation of specialized Centers on the basis of LLP "Kostanai ecomedutilization 2016", in MSE "Zhitikara Central District Hospital" of the Akimat of Kostanai region (Zhikitara city) and in MSE "Rudniy city hospital" of Healthcare Public Department of Kostanay region Akimat (Rudniy city).

 

The Project will install specialized autoclaves for neutralizing infected healthcare waste with high-pressure saturated steam with the creation of specialized Centers on the basis of LLP "Kostanai ecomedutilization 2016", in MSE "Zhitikara Central District Hospital" of the Akimat of Kostanai region (Zhikitara city) and in MSE "Rudniy city hospital" of Healthcare Public Department of Kostanay region Akimat (Rudniy city)

 

Besides the autoclaves for healthcare waste, specialized vehicles and containers for collecting and transporting healthcare waste are purchased for the Centers.

In addition to reducing the negative impact on the environment, the proposed system for healthcare waste treatment will involve the utilization of plastic waste and other wastes in recycled resourses. In the future it is planned to replicate the gained experience in other regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

 

"The formation of the system for the sound management of healthcare waste confirms Kazakhstan's serious commitment to achieving the goals of sustainable development in terms of taking measures to prevent waste generation, its reduce, process and reuse. The application of these technologies helps to achieve sustainable development, in which industrial growth and development are possible without causing harm to people's health and the environment, "said Deputy Permanent Representative of the United Nations Development Program in Kazakhstan, Ms. Munkhtuya Altangerel

"The introduction of autoclaves for the neutralization of infected healthcare waste meets the requirements of Stockholm Convention on the introduction of the best available technologies for reducing emissions of unintentionally producing POPs. Besides, in the Concept on the transition of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the Green Economy, the problem of air pollution with dioxins has been included. Also here we can say about one of the fundamental principles of the Green Economy for resource-saving because after treatment with steam, healthcare waste, namely plastic and steel, can be reused as a secondary raw material. Further replication of this practice in other cities of Kazakhstan, and then at the national level, can become one of the high indicators of implementation of the national and strategic obligations of the Republic of Kazakhstan», said the Director of Department on waste management of the Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Zhan Nurbekov,

"The work of the incinerators, of course, caused censure both on the part of the public and the state authorities. However, due to the lack of another alternative, we continued to use them. The replacement of incinerators with autoclaves will help to find a balance between environmental epidemiological requirements and public opinion. For Kostanay, the support of the United Nations Development Program is very important, since the purchase of such equipment for the local budget would be very difficult, "said the Chief Physician of the Regional Narcological Dispensary Vladimir Mikhaylenko

                          

 

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